Organic farming is a method that involves methods such as crop rotation, manure, compost for crop produce and minimal utilisation of synthetic substances. This allows soil and water restoration and ensures that the yield is natural and pure to the possible extent. It allows introduction of beneficial pests that help to maintain the natural minerals of the soil and also increase its fertility. There are a set of regulations and standards that need to be followed for a farmer to be Organic certified.

This includes:

  • ✓ Good maintenance of livestock
  • ✓ Using quality composts and manures
  • ✓ No usage of colours and flavours for the food products

Why go organic?

  • ✓ There is hardly any groundwater contamination in this process. This helps in keeping the water secure and pure to the possible extent.The biggest advantage being that there are no toxic chemicals involved in the process makes it a convenient choice for everyone.
  • ✓ Also the nutrient rich manures maintain the soil and its elements. Farmers add organic substances such as rock phosphate, green-sand and other such minerals to the soil.
  • ✓ It reduces the production costs and agriculture being so key to the rural areas, organic farming is drawing several people to make this a reliable occupation source.
  • ✓ It neutralises the effort to reverse the soil degradation and in fact contributes to soil nourishment.
  • ✓ Organic food products taste better and have longer shelf life as there are hardly any chemicals present in them.
  • ✓ Leads to healthy lifestyle in all the consumers.

Some disadvantages you must be aware of:

  • ✓ It involves lot of manual work: The farmers need to invest more time with their crops in organic farming. From weed management to organic pest control every task needs time and labour.
  • ✓ High prices: As the work involved is more, the produce also comes with high price tags. Organic products are more expensive when compared with other products. However, we must consider the preservation of nature every time we spend on these products.
  • ✓ Marketing and distribution of these products is a challenge as farmers produce very less amount in comparison to the conventional yields.
  • ✓ The organic produce isn’t really sufficient to feed the respective countries which makes it a challenge for the nations to promote it on a large scale.